The Pena Park
The Real Parque da Pena in Sintra Mountains is a walled property, located on the ridges of the area east / eastern Sierra, with high cliffs and valleys pronounced, exposure preferred the North. The maximum height of the park lies in Cruz Alta (the highest peak in the Sierra, with 528 meters) and the lower zone is Feteira of the Countess, standing 380 meters from the house.
The Park (as we know it today - was born impulse of a man - the king-consort D. Fernando II, later supported by his second wife, Elise Hensler, Countess d'Edla - but the truth is that the space Pena has traces of ancient occupation. D.Fernando framed it, and created in its intramural a wonderful "Aclimação Forest Park" features truly odd.
The Pen is not (just) a "garden." The park consists of several plots along its approximately 200 hectares, with very different characteristics, served by a network of extremely long paths - Tarred or not - that they constitute a real and intentional maze. Inside, rise buildings of rare beauty, like the Chalet of the Countess, the Temple of Columns (in Alto de Santo António) the Throne (existing only within the walls, including the interior of the Royal Palace itself ...) or Lagos.
Its construction began in 1839 and extended throughout the life of D. Fernando II. It was then continued by the Countess d'Edla, until the ownership of the pen by the state. Also the Queen D. Maria II, first wife of D.Fernando, actively participated in the construction of some areas of the park, such as the famous Camellia Garden, Fern attached to the Queen's name (which is due to Queen D.Amelia) .
The park is unusually eclectic in its structure, and it can be found in this magnificent Feteiras - full of tree ferns of Oceania - even huge forests of Sequoia North America. Plant species were planted in locations most appropriate, taking into account their characteristics and their original habitats, and Pena still presents significant homogeneity in some plots.
Still, the circumstances of the evolution of space led to undesirable situations, such as proliferation in some stands of invasive species. For example, the Australian acacias (Acacia melanoxylon).
It is served by thirteen gates and barriers, among which stand out the Pena (said principal) and the Lakes. Rounding out the list Cancels Cow, a second gate in the Valley of the Lake (a few meters from the currently used by visitors), the Flower Valley Gate, the Gate of Penha Verde, the Gate of the Chalet of Countess of Regueira Cancels of the Partridges, the Gate of Santa Eufemia, the Gate of the Tapada Inhaca, the front gate to the revolving door of Moorish Castle, the Gate of the existing car park and the Gate of the Tapada Forjaz.
Lagos has 11: Valley of the 5 Lakes, Lake Fern of the Queen, the Black Lake, Lake Concha, Fish Lake (at the foot of the Alto de Santa Catarina), Lake of the fountain and Lake Cascais (or Torto). Apart from these, there are still Pena in various sources and small tanks, among which stands out the tank of Friars, work dating back to the time of occupation of the area by the community Pena hieronimita the old Monastery of Our Lady of Pena.
Your points are the most remarkable garden labyrinth of said main entrance, the arena, the tall statue of Saint Anthony and the Warrior, the High Cross, Monk's Cave, the throne of the Alto de Santa Catarina, Lagos (all) the Feteiras, greenhouses, the Fountain of birdies, the Chalet of the Countess, the High Tea, the Abegoaria (in ruins), the area of Friars Tank / Chapel Manuelina and of course, the Pena Palace.
Other areas of the park are less known, and it is precisely for this reason that this project was born: it is necessary to put them on the map and in the paths of those moving visit to Pena in Sintra.
Currently the Pena Park is under the supervision of Society "Parks Sintra Monte da Lua, SA." Wholly publicly owned company, owned by the city of Sintra, Institute of Biodiversity and Environmental Conservation, Institute of Museums and Conservation and Turismo de Portugal.